Australian pulp consumption up for sixth successive year

Australia’s consumption of pulp lifted to 1,917.2 kt in 2018-19, rising 4.2% on the prior year, and by an average 2.4% per annum over the decade. The sixth successive annual increase in pulp consumption takes account of deinked pulp, but does not include recovered paper used locally.

As the chart and the extract of a table from the 2019 edition of the Pulp & Paper Strategic Review show, pulp production also recorded its sixth successive annual increase, lifting an average 3.2% per annum over the decade, to total 1,630.0 kt.

 

Australian Apparent Consumption of Pulp: 2009 – 2019 (ktpa)

Y/E June

Production

Exports

Local Sales

Imports

App. Cons

2009

1,195.0

19.9

1,175.1

343.7

1,518.8

2019

1,630.0

*

1,630.0

287.2

1,917.2

+/-% pa

3.2

3.3

-1.8

2.4

Source: ABS & IndustryEdge research and estimates                           Note: * = < 50t

 

Australia has virtually no exports, with almost all of the imports directed to the tissue sector. These are bleached grades, with imports of both softwood and hardwood pulp. The significant exception, shown in the extract of the table below, is Unbleached Softwood Sulphate (Kraft) pulp. This grade of pulp is used in manufacturing cement board.

 

Australian Imports of Pulp by Grade: 2009 – 2019 (ktpa)

Y/E June

2009

2019

+/-%
pa

Mechanical

0.3

3.1

26.3

Unbleached Softwood Sulphate (UBSK)

33.0

40.7

2.1

Bleached Softwood Kraft (BSK)

182.7

146.1

-2.2

Bleached Eucalypt Kraft (BEK)

107.1

88.3

-1.9

Bleached Softwood Sulphite

0.2

*

Bleached Hardwood Kraft (BHK)

5.7

6.1

0.7

Semi Chemical

14.7

2.8

-15.3

Total

343.7

287.1

-1.8

Source: ABS & IndustryEdge estimates

 

In 2018-19, Australia’s pulp imports were dominated by two countries – Brazil (BEK and BHK) and New Zealand (UBSK & BSK). Finland (BSK) and the USA (BSK & Others) were the next largest suppliers as the pie chart below shows.

 

Australian Imports of Pulp by Country of Origin: 2019 (%)

Source: ABS

 

This item first appeared in the September 2019 edition of Pulp & Paper Edge (Edition 168)

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